Vuk Jeremić, president of the UN General Assembly, said the fight against climate change must become a “central national interest” of every UN member state. He outlined plans to hold a high-level thematic debate on climate change, green energy and water sustainability at the resumed 67th session of the UN General Assembly. The issue proved controversial and was referred to ministerial consultations on 5 December by Edna Molewe (South Africa). It stated that the main political issue was the possible creation of an institutional arrangement such as a mechanism. An institutional mechanism has been proposed by developing countries, while industrialized countries have been reluctant to accept it. After the last night of the negotiations, COP 19 hosted a text on the creation of institutional arrangements “such as an international mechanism” to address the loss and damage suffered by developing countries, which are particularly vulnerable to the negative effects of climate change. The text also recalls that the functions and modalities of such an international mechanism are developed in accordance with the role of the Convention and include: improving knowledge of comprehensive approaches to risk management; strengthen dialogue with relevant stakeholders; and improving measures and assistance to deal with loss and damage. • urges parties to other industrialised countries to make climate finance commitments known if their financial situation so permits; The changing dynamics of the negotiations could be the beginning of a new world order at another level. Developing countries have begun to look to the future with different perspectives. A coalition formed in Bonn, consisting of Colombia, Peru, Costa Rica, Chile, Guatemala and Panama, officially expressed itself in Doha as AILAC (Association of Independent Latin American and Caribbean States).
According to its members, AILAC is “based on the collective belief that a strong and robust agreement is the most effective way to achieve the goal of a world below 2 degrees.” Meanwhile, another group called a “like-minded group,” composed mainly of members of the Arab group, from some Latin American countries, including Argentina, Venezuela, Bolivia and Ecuador, as well as India and China, appears to have a strong footing in Bonn since June. Its objective is to maintain the convention`s principles of common but differentiated responsibilities and justice, as well as the historical responsibility of industrialized countries in climate change. This failure increases the risk of an increase in global average temperatures of 2 degrees Celsius by the end of the century. The United Nations Environment Programme`s (UNEP) 2012 emissions report points out that if the world does not accelerate action on climate change, total greenhouse gas emissions could reach 58 gigatons by 2020 (up from 40 gigatons in 2000), well above the level that scientists say it would likely keep the temperature rise below 2°C. • reviews progress in the implementation of the programme of work on loss and damage and has found that a number of approaches are needed to address the loss and damage caused by the negative effects of climate change, including the effects of extreme weather events and slow events. and effectively addressing the challenge of climate change requires a compromise of monumental magnitude on the part of all countries. . . .